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Roundhill Crescent in 1871

Compare with Roundhill Crescent in 1891

Using Freecen (older version is easier)

Search the or the and find one household in Roundhill Crescent, you can use the buttons and to find others.

To perform this initial search:

  1. Enter a known SURNAME (and forename if possible)
  2. Enter the census county as "Sussex"
  3. The last step will allow you to enter the Census Town as "Brighton"
  4. Enter the Census Year: 1871
  5. Finally press ONCE ONLY and wait up to 100 seconds

A known resident is John IZARD of 31 Round Hill Cres (born in Sussex)

Another is Georgina F GURMARVENS of 6 Round Hill Cres (born in Kent).

The lets you fill in the street name. Take care to shorten "Roundhill Crescent or Round Hill Crescent" to "Round Hill Cres" (as above). The birth county is optional.

The Wikipedia entry for Roundhill Crescent usefully identifies five groups of houses built in the mid 1860s. under the heading ARCHITECTURE.

These are also identified by Historic England which offers further descriptions in its listings, marking locations on its maps using very small blue triangles.-----Nos.1-21-----Nos.19 & 20-----Nos.23-37-----Nos.69-71-----Nos.101-113.-----The latter are the current house numbers.

The blue links (below) apply to house numbering in 1871 when there were only homes on the north side of Roundhill Crescent.

The street was re-numbered in 1881 when there were homes on both sides and it was possible to use ODDS on the north side and EVENS on the south side.

An 1881 street directory first page-|-continuation page shows the old numbering. An 1882 street directory whole street listed on one page shows the new house numbers. EXAMPLE: 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49 on the north side (just east of the junction with D'Aubigny Road) become 101, 103, 105, 107, 109, 111 and 113 (an extra one). There has been further renumbering (employing alphabetical letter) after homes have been divided into flats.

East end of RHC (North side)

1 to 11

See Historic England's listing (designated 2 March 1981) of properties later numbered as ODDS with alphabetical letters for different flats.

Annuitant* (7), Candle Maker (retired), Captain M S (Retired), Clerk, Domestic servant (10), General Servant (2), Governess, Income arising from Dividends, Inland Revenue Office, Nonconformist Minister, Physician (Retired), Retired Builder, Retired Schoolmaster, Scholar (11) Servant (Domestic) (2), Student (2), Student of The Inner Temple

* Possibly somebody on an annual allowance or receiving an annual income frrom investment. Also used for institutionalized pensioners.

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An 1859 street directory shows Roundhill Crescent with just 6 occupied households on the north side at each end: numbers 4, 5, 8, 9, 12 (west end) 45 and 49 (east end). It shows No 5 as being owned by Mr J. Coppinger whose son Walter Arthur Copinger (1847-1910) was a barrister remembered for writing the standard legal reference work on Copyright: Copinger and Skone James on Copyright.

To the east of Lennox Road (The Cats Creep)

12  three people originating from France. A mistake in daughter's age.

See Historic England's listing (designated 2 March 1981) of properties now numbered as ODDS (19, 21).

No mention here of occupations.

Note that during the 1860s, the alley (now the Cats `creep) was a road, so the gabled terracotta walled house appears later. A gap remains in its place for some time. Although it was already clear that the steep Lennox Road was not viable for carriages,  planning permission for the steps to what became Lennox Passage was granted in 1900.  

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To the extreme right of the above picture (past the telephone box), see Historic England's listing (designated 2 March 1981) of properties now numbered as ODDS (23-37). They can be identified by the papapets on the roofs. Although they go unmentioned in the 1871 census, they were built in the mid 1860s as the listing mentions.

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A few houses to west of Ashdown Road

30 and 31

See Historic England's listing (designated 2 March 1981) of properties now numbered as ODDS 69 and 71.

Collector To Water Company, Domestic Servant, Railway Clerk,
Scholar (3), Domestic Servant.

The head resident at No 31 is also Agent to the Conservative Land Society doing work for the Round Hill Estate Office which was selling parcels of land from the Round Hill Park Estate to people looking for properties in Round Hill to live in or as investments.

You will also find his name in the 1871 street directory.

The Post Office Directory of Sussex 1878 shows 17 households in Round Hill Crescent. Check out No 31 to see that John Izard (head) works for the Round Hill Estate Office.

A Brighton street directory 1878 clarifies that his wife, Susanna, offers private tuition.

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ASHDOWN ROAD (the entrance to which is a few houses further to the east beyond current No. 79) was not a residential street until the 1880s.

From D'Aubigny Rd to Upper Lewes Rd

44-50

See Historic England's listing (designated 2 March 1981) of properties now numbered as ODDS (101, 103, 105, 107, 109, 111, 113)

Jobs: Annuitants (4), Captain (6th Dragoons / Inniskillings), Cook, Domestic servant (5), Governess (2), Housemaid, Interest On Money (2), Ladies’ School, Nurse (2), Scholar (8), Teacher

Note that teaching is an occupation which is opening up for women, especially in Brighton (which became to be known as "school city") and in the more affluent streets. The 1882 street directory shows 109 Roundhill Crescent (formerly No 48 before the street was re-numbered in 1881) as a boarding and day school rn by Mrs Stephenson and Miss Walker.

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Female employment

The article (below) indicates that in 1871 it wasn't fashionable for women to work. Roundhill Crescent was also a fairly wealthy street with many residents receiving income from invesments.

Read the excellent article The Missing Half: Female employment in Victorian England and Wales [PDF] by Dr Xuesheng You

Towards the end of the 19th century and the turn to the 20th century, occupations open up for women, though many are home-based e.g. laundress and dressmaker and relate to the poorer streets to the north of Round Hill further out from the town centre. There were doubtless many women working as dressmakers in the absence of all the large department stores which came later.  Some local history sites mention that the title of "dressmaker" was occasionally used as a cover by women offering services which one would not want to declare in a population census, but this footnote should not be used to discredit an occupation  which was  widespread before so much of our clothing was factory made. 

Women like the doctors Mabel Jones and Louisa Martindale and Helen Boyle were breaking new ground as women doctors, opening up new opportunities by example. As noted in relation to 109 Roundhill Crescent in 1882 (formerly No 48) teaching was also opening up as an occupation for women. 

Occupants of Round Hill homes:

1871

1891

Details of the 15 laundries in Princes Road in 1891
Don't miss Sam Chittenden's play "CLEAN" based in Round Hill

This page was last updated by Ted on 11-Apr-2019
(registered users can amend this page)