The home site of the Round Hill Society, a community group of the residents of Round Hill in Brighton, England. The site contains information about the area, latest news and reflections on life in Round Hill.
Compare with Roundhill Crescent in 1871
Practise using the Census data site e.g. study of Roundhill Crescent
You will gather data on everybody living in Roundhill Crescent in 1891, including servants.
A known resident is Louisa PRITCHETT of 1 Roundhill Cres (born in Gloucestershire)
Another is Charles John CROSSLEY of 21 Roundhill Cres (born in Sussex).
Another is Joseph ALLFREY of 22 Roundhill Cres (born in Sussex)
The lets you fill in the street name. Take care to shorten "Roundhill Crescent" to "Roundhill Cres" (as above). The birth county is optional.
North Side (1891 census)
1 to 113
15 17 39 41 43 47 49 51 are empty plots
South Side (1891 census)
2 to 96
32 34 36 46 48 50 52 54 56 are empty plots
Front façade of 101-113 Roundhill Crescent
Street Directories for Roundhill Crescent
The 1891 Street Directory Nos 1 to 40---Nos 42 to 109 complies with the census records in relation to missing numbers, though odd numbering only goes up to 109 while the census record shows a family at 111 who come from London.
The head, William Gordan GLANVILLE (aged 75) lives on private means. His wife Louisa Maria (also aged 75) was born in Lambeth, while their two daughters Fanny Louisa (aged 41) and Laura Gordon (aged 39) are born in St Johns Wood and Norwood respectively. Both remain single. Fanny is listed as a Visiting Governess and Laura as a Professor of Music.
The 1896 Pikes Street Directory shows that little has changed in relation to the absent houses. No changes on the south side, which has as many as 9 plots unbuilt on. On the north side, only numbers 39 and 41 are now built and occupied. Interestingly, "Here is LENNOX ROAD" appears between properties 13 and 19: still no room for Nos 15 and 17.
However, the 1910 Pikes Street Directory
Nos 1 to 17 north--- Nos 19 to 123 north and 2 to 96a south
shows both numbers 15 and 17 as built and occupied. This directory also shows The Lewes Road Hospital for Women and Children, present at 101 Round Hill Crescent since 1905, but just about to move to Ditchling Road.
These plots could not be built on while Lennox Road, created in the 1860s, was in the way. However, planning permission sought in 1898 was granted in 1900 for conversion of Lennox Road into a passageway with steps since known as The Cats Creep. This made way for new houses on both Roundhill Crescent and Richmond Road.
Occupations in Roundhill Crescent
General comments and comparisons
In addition to the following list, there are 39 people living from "Private means or income". These are frequently the heads of households. Many are of pensionable age. Few are recorded in the census as "pensioners", though the adjective "retired + occupation" is recorded in a number of cases. There is even a retired common traveller.
There are 23 "Domestic" or "General" Servants.
Note within the list that there are very few laundresses [as exist further up Round Hill where drying conditions are probably better and people are generally less well off]. A mere two households in Roundhill Crescent:
58 Roundhill Crescent offers two laundresses and one laundress's assistant. At No. 76, there is one laundress and one ironer. That's all. The population is generally older i.e. many of retirement age with adult sons and daughters living in the same households.
Roundhill Crescent contributes to the description of Brighton as "School Town". Below the comprehensive list is a section on this.
List of Jobs: numbers 1 to 111 Roundhill Crescent
Cheesemonger, Dentist, Boot and shoe maker, Dressmaker, Engine Cleaner, Cabman, Dressmaker (aged 12), Surgeon, Journalist Newspaper Manager, Heraldic Engraver, Pianoforte Teacher, Signal Porter Railway, Retired Coachman, Congregational Minister, School Mistress, Booksellers Assistant, School Mistress, School Mistress, Coal Merchants Clerk, Retired Military Officer, Water Rate Clerk, Dressmaker, Mantle Shaw Apprentice, Dressmaker, Drapers Assistant, Dental Pupil, Telegraphist, Dressmaker, Grocers Assistant, Drapers Assistant, Laundress, Ironer, Furniture Salesman, Clerk China Glass, Manager of Fish Shop, Mantle Maker, General Carriers Clerk, Post Office Sorting Clerk, Teacher, Fitter Engine Apprentice, Sign Writer / Painter, Home Assistant, Sign Writer / Painter, Carpenter, Boarding House Keeper, Upholsterer, Board School Teacher, Board School Teacher, Lithographic Artist, Tailoress Apprentice, Insurance Agent, Bank Clerk, Retired Wine Merchant, Drapers Assistant, Contractor, Milliner, Dressmaker, Milliner, Ladies Outfitting, Milliner, Milliner, Government Contractors Agent, Army Scripture Reader, Assistant School Mistress, Clerk, News Proprietor, Assistant Town Hall Staff, Money Taker North Road Baths, Governess, Retired Common Traveller, Post Office Telegraphist, Inspector of Groynes, Teacher of Music, Captain, Retired Broker, Lieutenant Corporal 4th Dragoons, Soldier 6th Dragoons, Coal Merchant, Coal Merchant, Coal Merchant, Monumental Mason, Housekeeper, Pharmaceutical Student, Joiner, Visiting Governess, Professor of Music, Housekeeper, Agent Singer’s Sewing Machine.
Schools and Teachers in Roundhill Crescent
The 1891 Street Directory Nos 1 to 40---Nos 42 to 109 shows an Assistant H.M. Inspector of Schools (no 11), two Elementary School Mistressses and a Teacher of Swedish drill (no 23), a young ladies school run by Miss Reed (no 27), a Certified School Mistress (no 34), an Assistant School Mistress and a Pupil Teacher (No 37), a Preparatory Day School run by Miss Edwards (no 44), Board School Teacher*** (no 59), Pianoforte Teacher (No 66), 3 Schoolmistresses (69) , Teacher (No 81), School Mistress (No 84), two Board School Teachers*** (No 85), Preparatory School run by Assistant School Mistress Miss Houghton (No 93), Teacher of Music (101), Professor of Music (111).
In several cases, the teachers are the daughters of the heads of households and are aged in their twenties.
*** BOARD SCHOOLS
Wikipedia:The Elementary Education Act 1880 (the "Mundella Act") required school boards to enforce compulsory attendance from 5 to 10 years, and permitted them to set a standard which children were required to reach before they could be employed.
101 Roundhill Crescent
In 1891, 101 Roundhill Crescent on the junction with D'Aubigny Road, was called Streatham House and was occupied by a family who came from London. The head, Mr Henry Whelpdale (aged 72 and born in Grays Inn) was living on private means.
He and his wife, Mary Ann (aged 67 and born in Battersea) had four daughters, the three youngest of whom were born in Streatham! The only occupation given is for the second youngest daughter (aged 29), who works as a Teacher of Music.
Lewes Road Hospital for Women and Children
In February 1905, a 7-year lease was acquired at £50 per annum at No.101 Roundhill Crescent (at the junction with D'Aubigny Road). This was for a pioneer enterprise, initially called the Lewes Road Hospital for Women and Children. It is described in Wikipedia as "the first hospital for the treatment of mental illness". As with Lady Chichester Hospital, it was closely associated with Doctor Helen Boyle who was a specialist in this field.
Rear of 101 Roundhill Crescent as viewed from D'Aubigny Road
No 101 Roundhill Crescent also housed the dispensary which had been at 145 Islingword Road since 31st October 1899. It is hoped that the Round Hill building will shortly receive a blue plaque to go with Historic England's listing of No. 101.
Helen Boyle and her work in Brighton
The terminology used in census records in the latter part of the 19th century reveals social attitudes towards mental health: "Lunatic" - someone who is mentally ill, though at times lucid; "Imbecile" - usually applied to later life in cases of chronic dementia; "Idiot" - usually applied to mental deficiency from birth.
Details of the 15 laundries in Princes Road in 1891
Don't miss Sam Chittenden's play "CLEAN" based in Round Hill